Open surgery is a traditional type of surgery in which a scalpel is used for the incision. You may have seen a surgeon perform an incision on a TV or movie and then perform surgery through a large incision. Surgery, such as with a sternum saw, is an open procedure that can range from 3-4 inches to very large, depending on the procedure being performed. Modern medical technology developed in science and technology has created minimally invasive surgical techniques that involve smaller incisions or even (in some cases) no incisions at all. multiple incisions less than one inch in length, with a small incision inserted into the instrument, allows the surgeon to view the operation on a large monitor, just like playing a very technical video game.
For example, maze surgery is an operation for controlling atrial fibrillation, which is irregular heart disease. Maze surgery may be an appropriate treatment If it cannot be controlled by medication or other treatments. Its name comes from the linear scar that remains in the ventricle after surgery, just like a maze. This procedure can be accomplished by open heart surgery using a sternum saw or by minimally invasive surgery using a catheter that passes through the large blood vessels of the groin. At present, some specialist hospitals are carrying out minimally invasive techniques, which are relatively new.
The surgery begins with general anesthesia. Once the anesthesia is effective, the patient will breathe with the help of the machine and the surgeon can begin by making a sternal incision. Use a sternum saw to cut the sternum into two parts and separate the bones vertically. This allows the surgeon to enter the heart directly. Surgeons can now use a variety of tools to destroy unwanted pathways that cause electrical impulses to the heart, such as scalpels, or very hot or very cold instruments. Once the surgeon determines that all pathways are scarred, the sternum is closed and supported with a sterile surgical line so that it can heal normally.
After labyrinth surgery, you can spend a day or more in the ICU or heart care area and monitor closely. Unlike most surgeries, no medication is given to awaken the patient’s anesthesia. Instead, anesthesia can disappear within a few hours. Patients with minimally invasive surgery typically monitor the ICU for several days but can resume normal activities and work faster than patients with open heart maze surgery. Incision care is important to prevent infections this week and the following weeks.
Minimally invasive surgery usually requires less treatment time than traditional open surgery, but some operations can only be done with open surgery. Your surgeon will be able to explain which type of surgery is best in your own situation and can help you make the decision that is most likely to lead to optimal surgery.